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นานาchip
« เมื่อ: 08 มกราคม, 2012, 07:39:17 PM »
Media Player Chipsets
This page gives some technical background to the history of Media Player chipsets.

Media Players all use a SoC (system on a chip) design whereby all hardware functions are contained within the chipset (video, sound, LAN, interface. etc). For this reason it is sensible to group players of similar chipset together as they will have the same raw performance. The differences come in firmware (software running on the chipset) although in practice firmware is often also very similar between players of the same chipset family (often being just a rebrand of the manufacturer's 'base' SDK version). This page lists all HD Media Player chipsets, grouped by manufacturer. A table allowing sorting by chronological order, clock Mhz. etc is at the end.

Quick Links

Sections of this page: Sigma Designs - Realtek - Android OS - Other Chipsets - Chipset Comparison Table

HD Media Players according to chipset:

2011 - Realtek 1xx6 (1186)
2011 - Sigma 867x (8642, 8643)
2011 - Realtek 1xx5 (1005, 1055, 1185)
2011 - ARM Android OS (2011)
2010 - Boxchip F10
2010 - Intel CE
2010 - Amlogic
2009 - Sigma 864x (8642, 8643)
2009 - Sigma 865x (8653, 8654, 8655)
2009 - Realtek 1xx3 (1073, 1283, 1183)
2007 - Sigma 863x (8634, 8635)

Sigma Designs

The first 1080p HD Media Player chipset was the 863x from Sigma Designs. It spawned a whole series of Media Players from early 2008 onwards and it was these players that kick-started the Media Player revolution. Important players based on the 863x chipset are the original WDTV and the Popcorn A-100 NMT. The Sigma 863x is clocked at 300Mhz and has now been superseded by newer chipsets. Limitations of the Sigma 8635 are a slow user interface, limited DTS support, and a general lack of power.

Sigma released both Sigma 864x series and Sigma 865x series chipsets in late 2009, with the first player featuring the 8643 (Popcorn Hour C-200) shipping in September 2009, and the first 8655 player (WDTV Live) arriving in October 2009. The Sigma 864x and the 865x are related and similar chips, with the 864x being the more powerful.

The Sigma 864x is clocked at 667mhz. The 8643 and 8642 are identical except that the 8642 is a Macrovision version allowing for the ability to play copy protected DVD / Blu-Ray. The 864x chipset is significantly more powerful than the 865x series, despite the product number being lower.

The Sigma 865x is clocked at 500mhz. All the 865x variations are similar, with the 8655 being marginally the most powerful. The 8655 uses 64bit RAM whereas the 8653 uses 32bit and the 8655 has six video DACs whereas the 8653 has four. The only benchmarks we could find give identical scores so real world performance is likely identical. The 8654 and 8652 are copy protection (Macrovision) enabled versions of each allowing for the ability to play copy protected DVD / Blu-Ray. One notable deficiency in all the Sigma chips is the inability to play RMVB files.

Late 2011 has seen the introduction of next generation of Sigma chipsets. The 865x range has been suceeded by the 8670, offering a 700Mhz clock, and 30% lower heat. The Sigma 8647 is an updated version of the 8642, running at 800Mhz.

We expect late 2011 / early 2012 to bring the introduction of the 8910 chipset incorporating VXP image processing for superior video quality, and 1080p 3D. This chip will be aimed at premium players and will be dual core running at 1200Mhz.

Sigma Designs Links
• Sigma Chipset Comparison 2011
• Sigma SMP8910
• Sigma SMP8670
• Sigma SMP8652
• Sigma SMP8646
• Sigma SMP8642
• Sigma SMP863x

Realtek

For Reatek chipsets the last number in the chipset name indicates the chipset generation. So all chips ending in '3' are 1xx3 (2009) generation and all ending in '5' are 1xx5 (2011) generation. The fact that 1073 is a higher number than 1055 does not matter, it is the final number that indicates the age and core design of the chip! This rule also holds for older Realtek chips such as the 1262 (so '2'), which is a 2007 non-HD chip.

The Realtek 1283 / 1073 (1xx3) chipset range appeared in mid 2009 and is clocked at 400mhz. A flood of cheaper Realtek based Media Players arrived through 2009, shaking up the Media Player market. Major players of this generation include Xtreamer, Asus O!Play R1, and ACRyan Play!On. The 1073 and 1283 are the same chip with the same performance, but the 1283 has added capabilities of recording and DTV. The Realtek 1073DA is an early release that is unable to downmix DTS whilst the 1073DD is the most common version and can downmix DTS.

It was revealed in February 2010 that neither the 1073DA, 1073DD, or the 1283 can passthrough (bitstream) Dolby TrueHD or DTS-HD MA. In response to this in early 2010 Realtek started shipping enhanced + versions of it's chips. The 1073DD+ and 1283+ can both passthrough DTS-HD MA and Dolby TrueHD. Some players use a chip that is marked 1073C, 1073C+, or 1283C+. As far as we know these chips are exactly the same as the DD+.

The Realtek 1183 chipset is a cut-down version of the 1283 (10/100 LAN, 400Mhz, DVB-T). It passed DivX certification on 01-May-2009 (see here), indicating that the 1183 is of the same generation as the 1073/1283. See also the Realtek processor roadmap link below for further evidence that it is not 'next generation', as some manufacturers have claimed.

Realtek RTD 1055, 1085, and 1185 (1xx5) chips are the successors to the 1073 series. All three chips run at 500Mhz so providing a small performance increase. Otherwise the chips offer the same comprehensive format support as the previous generation. The new chips run cooler than the old series, hopefully eliminating the need for cooling fans in some players. All chips run the same Realtek SDK4 Casablanca, offering a much better user experience (aesthetically, added media indexing, thumbnails..) even from the stock SDK.

The Realtek 1055 launched in late 2010 and is a non-network version with limited RAM (only 16MB flash and 128MB DDR).

The 1085 and 1185 are the replacements for the 1073 and 1283 respectively. Both chipsets are network enabled and benefit from the addition of Gigabit networking. The 1085 has 256MB DDR and an integrated Flash enabled browser. The 1185 has all the features of the 1085 whilst also being DVB-T / PVR capable (so equivilant to the old 1283). Both the 1085 and 1185 can have either 256MB or 512MB flash RAM. Both chips have an internal PCI-Express expansion slot allowing for internal Wi-Fi and other internal add-ons. As of late 2011 it looks unlikely that the 1085 will ever be released. The Realtek 1005 is a cut down version of the 1055 with less RAM.

Tne next generation of Realtek chipset, the '6' series 1186 was released in early October 2011. This runs at 750Mhz, has HDMI 1.4, is optimised for 3D, and is able to dual boot into Android.

Realtek Links
• Realtek Media Processor Page
• Realtek 1185 Schematic Diagram
• Realtek 2010 / 2011 Processor Roadmap

Android (Operating System)

Players based on Google's Android Operating System began to appear in 2011. These players are essentially tablets without a screen and use exactly the same chipsets as found in many popular Android tablet PCs.

Processing power will vary between players but they will all be able to run Android 2.2 with Flash 10.1. This will give access to the full web and, we hope / presume, on-demand streaming services like iPlayer, Hulu. etc. An Android 'TV market place' is rumoured to be in development providing access to apps specifically for the TV Android platform.

Android based Media Players are all based on ARM chipsets, with the more powerful players all currently using chips with a Cortex A9 ARM core running at 800Mhz. The Cortex A8 (as used in the original iPad) is significantly slower at all clock speeds than the Cortex A9 (as used in iPad 2).

ARM chips are not specialist media playback chipsets. A lot of decoding will have to be done in software and there is not currently complete support in Android for all formats. Pure media playback performance in Android players will therefore be inferior to that in a player using a specialist Media Player chipset. By going for Android you lose in format support and decoding performance but gain in versatility (potentially many apps) and full web access. One day something like XMBC may exist for Android and Android Media Players will come to dominate, but this is a long way (years) off yet!

An interesting compromise solution comes with the Realtek 1186 chipset, which can dual boot into either the usual Media Player interface or Android 2.2. If the implementation of Android is done well then this solution could offer the best of both worlds and be a significant step forwards.

Android 2.1 / 2.2 / 2.3 are all designed for phones. This has caused problems even for 7" tablets, with Apps not working correctly on the larger screen. With a typical HDTV being 40" we see this as a big problem for Android based Media Players at this early stage. When Android versions designed for larger screens are made open source (3.x Honeycomb / 4.x Ice Cream Sandwich) these problems may be resolved and Android Media Player may have a firmer base.

• Wikipedia ARM
• Marvell 88DE3010 Info
• Amlogic 8726 - Cortex A9 Android SoC
• Skyviia - ARM Android SoC
• ARM - Cortex A9
Other Manufacturers

The AmLogic 8626H (Apollo) chipset was launched in early 2010 as a budget alternative to the Realtek 1073. It runs at 400mhz and appears to be at least equal in decoding performance to the Realtek chips whilst being even cheaper. The 8626H's main drawbacks are that it does not support lossless HD-Audio or WMV / VC-1. The Amlogic 8613 is an older Amlogic chipset used in the WDTV Mini and is unable to decode 1080P.

The Telechips 8900 series, as previously found in car entertainment systems is clocked at 500Mhz and offers performance roughly on a par with Sigma 865x chips. This chipset is used in the HDX Bone.

The Boxchip F10 appeared in late 2010, is SoChip SC9800 based (currently also used in some high-end portable media players), and offers full 7.1 downmix. Clock speed is as yet unknown but decoding performance has been shown to be comparable with 1073 based players. The Boxchip is a low cost solution and has allowed Media Players to be more inexpensive than ever before.

Players using Intel chipsets started to appear in late 2010. Both Google TV and BoxeeBox use the Intel CE4100. This chip runs at 1.2Ghz and reports state it is capable of 90Mbit/s h.264 video, making it roughly on a par (for h.264) with the 667Mhz Sigma 864x series. As a general purpose chip it will however be much superior.

A new chip for mid 2011 is the MediaTek MTK 8550, a chip made originally for Blu-Ray players. As such it supports Blu-Ray menus. '3D' is also supported. File format support looks good and there are a few players upcoming using this chipset.

Other chipsets that we've come across but have little information on are MStar D7M26L/6M68/SC9800/TCC8900 and Amlogic7226/7228/8618.

Other Chipset Links
• Anadtech - Intel CE4100 Specs
• Amlogic Products Page
• ARM - 11 Series information

Media Player SoC Chipset Comparison Table
Click on column heading to sort.

Manufacturer   Chipset Family   Launch Date   Model   Clock MHZ   LAN   Audio   Notes
Realtek   '6' Series   2011-10   1186   750   10/100/1000   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   HDMI 1.4 + 3D support. Dual boot Android.
Realtek   '5' Series   2011-07   1005   500   NONE   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   Cut down 1055. 8MB flash. SATA.
Sigma Designs   8910   2011-12   8910   1200   10/100/1000   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   VXP, 1080p 3D, dual core
Amlogic   8726   2011-11   8726H   ?   10/100/1000?   ?   Very little known!
Realtek   '5' Series   1901-01   1085   500   10/100/1000   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   Lower heat, 20% faster than 107x, Flash web browser. Possibly dead AUG2011.
Sigma Designs   8670   2011-09   8670   700   10/100/1000   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   30% less heat
Sigma Designs   865x   2011-11   8656   500   10/100/1000   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   3D Hardware Acceleration. Possibly dead. OCT2011?
Sigma Designs   864x   2011-11   8647   800   10/100/1000   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   Possibly dead? OCT2011
Sigma Designs   864x   2011-11   8646   800   10/100/1000   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   Macrovision. Possibly dead? OCT2011
Marvell   Cortex A9   2011-06   88DE3010   1200   10/100   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   Blu-Ray Java menus, 3D
Realtek   '5' Series   2011-03   1185   500   10/100/1000   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   Lower heat, 20% faster than 107x, DVB-T, Flash web browser
Realtek   '5' Series   2010-11   1055   500   NONE   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   Lower heat, 20% faster than 107x
Intel   Intel CE   2010-10   CE4200   1200   10/100/1000   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   3D, video encoder
Intel   Intel CE   2010-10   CE4100   1200   10/100/1000   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   
Boxchip   SC9800   2010-09   F10   ?   NONE   DTS, DD, TrueHD DM   
Realtek   '3' Series   2010-09   1073DDC+   400   10/100   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   ?
Amlogic   8626   2010-01   8626H   400   10/100   DTS, DD   
Intel   Intel CE   2010-01   CE3100   800   10/100/1000   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   
Sigma Designs   865x   2009-10   8655   500   10/100   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   64bit RAM, 6 * Video DAC
Sigma Designs   865x   2009-10   8654   500   10/100   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   64bit RAM, 6 * Video DAC, Macrovision
Sigma Designs   865x   2009-10   8653   500   10/100   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   32bit RAM, 4* Video DAC
Sigma Designs   865x   2009-10   8652   500   10/100   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   32bit RAM, 4* Video DAC, Macrovision
Sigma Designs   864x   2009-09   8642   667   10/100   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   Macrovision
Sigma Designs   864x   2009-09   8643   667   10/100   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   
Realtek   '3' Series   2009-06   1073DA   400   10/100   DD   
Realtek   '3' Series   2009-06   1283   400   10/100   DTS, DD   AV record
Realtek   '3' Series   2009-06   1073DD+   400   10/100   DTS, DD   
Realtek   '3' Series   2009-06   1283DD+   400   10/100   DTS, DD, DTSMA, TrueHD   
Realtek   '3' Series   2009-06   1183   400   10/100   DTS, DD, DTSMA   Cut down 1283
Sigma Designs   863x   2008-01   8635   300   10/100   DD, DTS (partial)   
Page last updated: 06-Oct-11

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Tommy J. – US December 18, 2011 - 21:47
I agree with Zon, that would be helpful to know what platform each CPU is. Missing from the list is Broadcom, the first media players seen in the US were based on the BCM7615. One last suggestion, if I may. As an open source developer, it would be useful to know which manufacturers are complying with the Linux GPL, and providing the source code for the players. Any manufacturer that uses Linux without providing the source, is breaking the law, and will NOT get my money.
RCA DSB772WE
 
gok han – turkey December 17, 2011 - 00:39

ออฟไลน์ newton

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Re: นานาchip
« ตอบกลับ #1 เมื่อ: 08 มกราคม, 2012, 09:26:17 PM »
SMP 8910. ไหว้ครูนาน Marvell. 3010 ออกมาแล้ว ถูกกว่า up 4k ได้ 32 BIT